B Com interview questions and answers for freshers

B Com Interview Questions and answers for Freshers

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Last Updated on January 20, 2023 by Ravi Sankar Robbi

In this article, we have tried to present few practical interview questions and answers for the commerce graduates i.e. for the freshers of Bachelor of Commerce students. We are quite sure that these “B com interview questions and answers for freshers” will definitely boost up your confidence while facing the interview.

Let’s get started..!!

1. Differentiate between the Dr & Cr with example?

Debit and Credit are 2 most important Accounting tools which will be used to record the business transactions in the books of accounts.
These 2 come into effect whenever you write / read/ analyze the accounting transactions.

Debit:
Debit means an Accounting entry which will be passed at the time of recording transactions.
Debit either Increases the value of Asset (or) Decreases the value of Liability / Equity.

Eg:

1. M/s X Ltd bought a Machinery of Rs.5,00,000/- for business. So, “Machinery” account is to be debited as the value of asset increases in X ltd.

Credit:
Credit means an entry which will be passed, when either the value of Asset decreases (or) the value of Liability & Equity increases.

Eg:
1.
In the same example, due to purchase of Machinery of Rs.5,00,000/-, the payment was made by cheque.
Due to Cheque payment, “Bank” account is to be credited as the value of asset decreases

2. Capital of Rs.10,00,000 /- brought into business 
Due to capital introduction into the business, “Capital” account is to be credited.

Read more: 3 Powerful accounting terms with Examples


2. Why Trial balance be prepared ?

Trial balance (TB) is a statement which represents the balances of all Ledgers at one place. Simply, TB is like a Tree and all it’s branches are like Ledgers. 

TB is prepared to ensure that all the debit and credit aspects of the transactions on any particular day are matching with each other.

3 Reasons why Trial balance is prepared is 

  1. To check the Arithmetical accuracy of the books of accounts.
  2. To check whether the Journal entries are properly posted to Ledger accounts and they are balanced as per double entry system of recording.
  3. To figure out any errors in the books of accounts

Finally, the Dr side total must be equal to Cr side Total.
[Dr side total = Cr side Total]


3. Mention any 3 software an Accountant use for accounting?

The 3 best softwares which will be used widely are
1. Tally
Tally is the most commonly used accounting software in India. It is especially for the
Small business enterprises due to its easy installation and understanding even for the non-techies.

2. Quick books
Quick books are one of the widely used accounting software throughout the World.
It is capable of running even complex and multiple accounting processes.
The reporting style of Quickbooks are detailed and Complex.

3. Xero
Xero is another accounting software which works on Cloud based technology. Xero software allows unlimited users with a clean interface. This software is suitable for Medium & Large firms.


4. Why P&L account will be prepared ?

Profit and Loss account (PL) will be prepared to find out the Net profit earned or Loss occurred for a business enterprise for a specified period. The period may be either for a Quarter (or) Half year (or) for a Full year

Nowadays, the large business organizations are preparing financials even for a Quarter period as well. Whereas the small business enterprises prepare their books of accounts on a yearly basis only. The Profit and Loss account can also be called as “Profitability statement

The Profit and Loss account contains a total of 4 components.

  1. Trading a/c (or)
  2. Manufacturing account
  3. Profit and Loss account
  4. Profit and Loss appropriation account

Profit and Loss account not only helps to identify the Incomes & Expenses but also helps the business owners to reduce the unnecessary expenses and to increase the revenue of the business.


5. Why Balance Sheet (BS) will be prepared ?

The Major reason to prepare a Balance Sheet is to know the Financial position of the business enterprise at a specific point of time. i.e. 31st March of every year.

So, one can easily find how much Bank balance the business has and also how much value of debts the company needs to clear off, will be known by preparing the Balance sheet.

Balance Sheet consists of 

  1. Assets
  2. Liabilities
  3. Equity

6. What are the Differences b/w Current assets and Fixed Assets ?

Current assets:
Current assets are the Assets whose useful life is less than 1 accounting period. 

Simply, Current assets are Short term in nature & have the ability to liquidate (Convert into Cash) easily.i.e. High liquidity in nature.

These are the assets used in Day-to-Day operations of the business & can be converted into cash within One year. Fixed assets have no ability to liquidate quickly.
Eg: Cash, Bank, Debtors, Stock / Inventory, Short term Investments etc.,

Fixed assets:
Fixed assets are the Assets whose useful life is more than 1 accounting period. These assets are Long-term in nature. Fixed assets are the assets Owned by the business & held for the purpose of generating revenue.

Eg: Plant & Machinery, Buildings, Land etc.,


7. What do you know about GST & What are the Types of GST ?

GST means “Goods and Services Tax” which replaced many indirect taxes in India such as the Excise duty, VAT, services tax, etc. 

It came into force in India w.e.f 1st July 2017.
GST is to be levied on the supply of Goods and Services in India.

There are 4 types of GST:

1.CGST :
CGST full form is Central Goods and Service Tax. CGST is a tax levied by the Central government on Intra state Sale or supply of taxable goods or services. 

2.SGST :
SGST full form is State Goods and Service Tax. SGST is a tax levied by the State government on Intra state Sale or supply of taxable goods or services.

3.IGST :
IGST full form is
Integrated Goods and Service Tax. IGST is a tax levied and collected by the Central government itself on Inter-state Sale or supply of taxable goods or services.

4.UTGST :
UTGST full form is
Union Territory Goods and Service Tax.


8. Do you know anything about GST Returns, Explain ?

There are 11 types of returns which will be filed by the taxpayers based on their business applicability.
GSTR-1: Return of Outward supplies
GSTR-2: Return of Inward supplies 
GSTR-3: Monthly GST return
GSTR-4: Quarterly Return for Composition Suppliers
GSTR-5: Monthly Return for Non-Resident Taxable Persons (NRI)
GSTR-6: Monthly Return for Input Service Distributors (ISD)
GSTR-7: Monthly Return for Tax Deductors
GSTR-8: Monthly Return for E-Commerce Operator
GSTR-9: Annual GST Return
GSTR-10: Final GST Return
GSTR-11 GST Return for UIN Holders

Read More: To whom GST registration is mandatory


9. When will the TDS Payment be made ?

The due date to deposit the TDS collected amount to the government is 7th of Succeeding month.

QuarterMonth of deductionThe due dates for payment of
tax deducted
Q1April7th May
May7th Jun
June7th Jul
Q2Jul7th Aug
Aug7th Sep
Sep7th Oct
Q3Oct7th Nov
Nov7th Dec
Dec7th Jan
Q4Jan7th Feb
Feb7th Mar
Mar7th Apr – For Govt office deductors
30th Apr – For other Deductors

10. When will the TDS Returns be filed ? 

The due dates to file the TDS return is as follows.

QuarterMonth of deductionDue date for filing TDS Return
for all the deductors
Q1April
May
June31st July
Q2Jul
Aug
Sep31st Oct
Q3Oct
Nov
Dec31st Jan
Q4Jan
Feb
Mar31st May

11. PF payment due date ?

The due date to pay the Provident fund (PF) of a month falls due on 15th of the succeeding month. The employer shall deposit 12% of salary as a PF contribution. 

The rate of PF contribution for most of the organizations is 12%.


12. PF return Due date ?

The due date to file the Provident fund (PF) return of a month falls due on 25th of the succeeding month. 

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